Relationship To Strategic Plan: Safe and Secure Community - Be a safe and secure community. Diverse and Viable Economy - Have a strong, diverse, and
local viable economy. High Quality Built Environment - Be designed to include vibrant focal points, unique neighborhoods that are of high quality and effective infrastructure. Desirable Place to Live, Work and Recreate - Be a highly desirable place to live, work, and recreate with thriving neighborhoods, and high quality of life for all residents. Sustainable Organizational Capacity - Have unity of purpose in its leadership and sustainable capacity within the organization. Citizen Engagement and Partnerships - Develop and maintain strong community connections.
Executive Summary: Hurricane Matthew underscored a number of challenges Fayetteville faces regarding natural hazards resiliency. In addition to
widespread damage to structures and infrastructure, the storm event also demonstrated that lower income and racial minority populations were disproportionately affected. The OEA funded a report, completed by Fayetteville State University and Creative Economic Development Consulting, regarding the community s economic well-being. That report was presented to City Council and other regional local governments in February 2017 and highlighted local overdependence on Fort Bragg and the economic resiliency challenge our community
faces. The Resiliency Element identifies natural hazards, economic and social equity issues and offers strategies that can enhance community
resiliency in these critical areas.
Background: The City of Fayetteville is vulnerable to a wide range of natural hazards that are inherent to its geographic location in Eastern North
Carolina and its established development and infrastructure patterns. In addition to these natural hazards, an over-reliance on the influence of the military to support the City s economy has the potential to create significant negative economic impacts during deployments or cutbacks to military budgets. Finally, many of our neighborhoods and citizens have suffered from social neglect over a long period of time, leading to conditions of blight and entrenched poverty.
To be added to the draft element before it is presented to the Planning Commission will be insets for the income and racial background maps that blow
up the severely damaged areas where structures were damaged in excess of 50 of their value to clearly indicate the degree to which the major damage from Hurricane Matthew affected these populations to a greater extent than the rest of the City.
The City of Fayetteville is vulnerable to a wide range of natural hazards that are inherent to its geographic location in Eastern North Carolina and
its established development and infrastructure patterns. In addition to these natural hazards, an over-reliance on the influence of the military to support the City s economy has the potential to create significant negative economic impacts during deployments or cutbacks to military budgets. Finally, many of our neighborhoods and citizens have suffered from social neglect over a long period of time, leading to conditions of blight and entrenched poverty.
Private Governance (educating citizens to pursue resiliency through personal action)
Economic Resiliency Plans
This Element addresses resiliency in the Comprehensive Plan Update. Previously, we have included measures to mitigate natural hazards and climate
change im- pacts in the Cumberland/Hoke County Hazard Mitigation Plan adopted by City Council in 2016. The City was a participant in the development of the Cumberland County Climate Resiliency Plan by Sustainable Sandhills which is incorporated in this Element by reference. Our Person Street green street retrofit project is an example of resilient infrastructure.
The City has a Sustainability Plan that was adopted in 2009 and is now ready to be updated because many of the goals, objectives, and strategies
included in the Sus- tainability Plan have been achieved and new challenges are evident. City develop- ment regulations, such as the Stormwater Ordinance and the Unified Develop- ment Ordinance (UDO), promote resilient development practices.
However, the above definition of resiliency fails to reflect a key societal element that must be incorporated into resiliency planning. For
resiliency to be a truly effective community planning strategy, it must also be perceived by all citizens as being applied fairly and successfully. The most socially-vulnerable populations (e.g., lower income, minority, elderly, or immigrant populations) are often locat- ed in areas where natural hazards and economic disruptions are more likely to occur. Additionally, these populations may experience institutionalized bias, blighted neighborhoods, and public disinvestment; the threats they perceive may therefore be internal as well as external.
Consequently, there may be an understandable skepticism on the part of these populations with regard to the ability of any planning process to
positively affect their lives, protect their property, or ensure their safety. Resiliency planning must account for this skepticism in both response and mitigation actions. Tactics for achieving this may include enlisting people trusted in the community to speak
in favor of the planning objectives, engaging the target population in activities that produce tangible, beneficial results, establishing advisory
networks of ex- isting neighborhood organizations, and utilizing participatory data collection and analysis to fully understand and address neighborhood or community needs in an open and transparent fashion.
To do all this, community resilience must address physical, economic, and social states. Consequently, for the purposes of this Element, resiliency
is defined as:
Resilience as a Design Mindset
Peter David Cavaluzzi , a principal at Perkins Eastman, says, There is a tendency for people to look for the magic bullet, like building big walls or
berms to control flooding or sea-level rise. It s almost like building infrastructure based on fear, as opposed to integrating these elements into a new public realm so that they almost disappear hidden in plain sight. The key is to repurpose and adapt the design crite- ria so that [the design] results in environment that is safe and inviting for people. If you design buildings and public spaces so that they provide resilience while at the same time become promenades, boulevards, and terraces, you ll invite more people to enjoy them. But if you build more walls and berms, you ll cut people off from the wonderful environments that exist. . . . It s better to integrate resilience strategies into the fabric of new mixed-use development and into the public spaces rather than to block views and pedestrian access. (Urban Land; May/June 2016)
The Person Street green street project is an example of incorporating resiliency design thinking into a capital improvement project. This project
adds parking and landscaping to a roadway that can now effectively function as an extension of downtown infrastructure. At the same time, 85 of the stormwater falling on this street segment will be absorbed into the ground and not released into the stormwater sewer system.
A team of more than 300 experts guided by a 60-member Federal Advisory Com- mittee produced the Assessment in 2014 which, prior to publication, was
exten- sively reviewed by the public and experts, including federal agencies and a panel of the National Academy of Sciences. The Third National Climate Assessment identi- fied three primary climate change impacts affecting the Southeastern United States, a region of the country that includes North Carolina.
Water Supply Fayetteville is served by surface water sources, primarily the Cape Fear River. Upstream communities also utilizing the Cape Fear River
water source include fast-growing cities in the Triangle which can result in competi- tion. The Town of Cary, for instance, seeks to divert millions of gallons of water per day from the Cape Fear River as part of an interbasin transfer. The City, through its utility provider, the Public Works Commission, is seeking to block this transfer in order to protect its future water supply.
Heat Vulnerability The Sandhills area of North Carolina is traditionally the hottest part of the state. Climate change impacts are projected to
significantly increase temperatures in the region, with some scenarios indicating the poten- tial for daily high temperatures above 90 F for 120 days of the year. Such high temperatures have impacts on public health, military training, infrastructure, agriculture, and the economy.