Executive Summary: The City s consultant, Stantec, will be updating City Council on the comprehensive pedestrian plan. The draft plan, including
preliminary recommendations for sidewalk and intersection improvements, will be presented for review and comment. Stantec and City staff will continue to accept comments on the plan from Council, the public and NCDOT through the month of April. We will schedule to present the final pedestrian plan to City Council for their adoption at the regular meeting scheduled for May 14th. Originally, the presentation of the final plan was scheduled to be presented to Council at the April 23rd regular meeting, but staff is recommending the adoption be at the May 14th meeting to allow additional time for review by stakeholders and NCDOT.
pedestrian safety initiatives. To meet this direction, staff researched opportunities and learned that NCDOT was accepting grant applications for
pedestrian and bicycle planning studies. On December 14, 2015, Council approved Resolution 2017-075 authorizing an application for grant funding through the NCDOT Bicycle and Pedestrian Planning Grant Initiative. On March 4, 2016, staff received notification of grant approval from the NCDOT Division of Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation. City Council approved a municipal agreement at the regular meeting on August 8, 2016, to partner with NCDOT for funding the study. The study began on April 20th, 2017 with a kickoff meeting that included a diverse group of stakeholders and was led by the City s consultant, Stantec. Public outreach included workshops in the downtown area and at the College Lakes Recreation Center. The final workshop was held at Westover Recreation Center on February 15, 2018. Also, an online survey was completed in the summer of 2017. An update was provided to Council at their September 5, 2017 work session.
The Comprehensive Pedestrian Plan will be an integral part of developing and executing a more complete pedestrian transportation system and will
guide local and state efforts to improve conditions for pedestrians and other users of our transportation network. The recommendations will assist the City to develop construction project priorities, recommend positive changes to local policies and guidelines, develop awareness initiatives, and identify opportunities for the implementation of education, enforcement and safety programs.
As identified in the project scope, the recommendations will identify high-activity pedestrian focus areas by conducting Opportunities and
Constraints evaluations to suggest detailed improvements in the areas. From this analysis, the plan will develop a list of projects that include sidewalk construction/maintenance projects, greenway construction projects, greenway maintenance projects, and intersection improvements. This list will also include projects near schools, connectivity projects to link existing sidewalks together, and projects to improve pedestrian crossings. The plan will also identify projects that should be integrated into the MPO transportation plan, and potential projects eligible for alternate funding sources. High level cost estimates and preliminary priorities will be provided for projects, based on criteria such as potential pedestrian use, safety, and proximity to major attractors such as shopping centers, schools, and parks. Originally, the final draft plan was scheduled to be presented to City Council in April 2018, but to allow more time for review by stakeholders and NCDOT, staff is recommending the adoption be at the May 14th regular meeting.
John McNeill, City of Fayetteville Lee Jernigan, City of Fayetteville John Combs, City of Fayetteville Jackie Tuckey, City of Fayetteville Virginia
Small, City of Fayetteville Eloise Sahlstrom, City of Fayetteville Anthony Ramsey, City of Fayetteville Sam Dubose, City of Fayetteville Eric Vitale, FAMPO David Phipps, NCDOT Darius Sturdivant, NCDOT Betsy Kane, NCDOT Janet Whetstone, NCDOT Hanah Ehrenreich, Sustainable Sandhills Mark Whitley, Cumberland County Schools Angela Hurley, Cumberland County Schools Randy Sessoms, Fayetteville Police Department Angela Hurley, Cumberland County Schools
There are unique aspects to what the project team observed, however. First, there are a LOT of peo- ple walking in Fayetteville already - the project
team noted that even on major roadways walking was being done by many people of all age groups. Second, the city is criss-crossed by these major, five- and six-lane arterials with few, if any, provisions for walking. Lastly, more provisions for walking is accompanied by a need for better aesthetics, maintenance, and other support systems that pro- mote walking.
Today, walking in Fayetteville is a necessary, but sometimes risky, activity for many people. For even more people that would like to walk, it can be
challenged by high crash rates, a lack of facilities, maintenance needs, and an auto-centric design that has been in place for decades. But the City has been making important strides, from planning to design elements, to the pe- destrian network itself.
Background As growth continues in Fayetteville, more demands are placed on roads. Many residents turn to transpor- tation alternatives to the private
car, either through necessity or to avoid the hustle and bustle of traffic backups and the stresses that come with sitting in long delays along local corridors. Fayetteville is looking to improve the pedestrian network in the City so that more residents can utilize walking as a source of trans- portation. The current Strategic Plan for Fayetteville states goals for the City Council challenging the city to great planning. The goals are: (1) Make Fayetteville a great place to live, work, and recreate with thriving neighborhoods and a high quality of life; (2) Provide a clean and beautiful community with increased green spaces and a plan to complete the Linear Park and Cape Fear River Trails; and (3) Improve mobility and connectivity by investing in sidewalks, trails and bike lanes and target for action to improve pedestrian safety. Fayetteville s leadership is looking to provide a City that can be used by everyone in a safe and convenient manner. Fayetteville hopes the future holds further park development as well as continue the tradition of sponsoring several fundraising marathons and walks. The Pedestrian Plan will define areas where further connectivity is needed to expand park plans and event routes through the City.
Improve access to transit Provide direct networks to transit stops and center.
Process The Fayetteville Pedestrian Plan will guide the City, the North Carolina Department of Transportation (NC- DOT), and other local and regional
partners with a guide for facility development to improve safety and other conditions to improve, encourage, and support walking in Fayetteville. This plan should be used by city staff and the city s external partners-such as NCDOT, Cumberland County Schools, and Fayetteville Area Metropolitan Planning Organization when considering solutions to future transportation projects and development. The process in developing the Plan started in April 2017 with the convening of the first Steering Committee meeting. This meeting was conducted in part to capture the opinions of the local stakeholders about what are important guiding principles for the Plan.
Steering Committee The project Steering Committee, as listed in the Acknowledgments on page 3, included representatives of the County school
administration, city leadership, police, NCDOT, a local non-profit, and Fayetteville Area Metropolitan Planning Organization (FAMPO). The Steering Committee advised the project team on context and content of the Plan throughout the planning process, meeting four times to discuss the goals and objec- tives, issues, and recommendations that are contained in this Plan.
Public Involvement In May 2017 the public engagement period opened for the Plan. A public survey was administered from May to September 2017. The
survey gathered information on existing walking behaviors, future needs for walking, and the strengths and weaknesses of the existing pedestrian environment. The survey was offered on-line and in hardcopy formats. The survey was distributed by city staff and Steering Committee members to local citizens. The project team attended Fourth Friday, a local monthly event hosted by the Fayetteville Arts Council in Downtown Fayetteville in June 2017 to offer information about the plan, answer questions, and gather completed surveys from attendees. The first of two public workshops was held in August 2017 at College Lakes Recreation Center to invite locals to learn more about the project and provide comments. Attendees stressed the needs for intersection improvements and the need for sidewalk facilities in areas that currently lack. The second workshop was held February 15, 2018 at the Westover Recreation Center. The project recommendations were displayed for the public to view and offer feedback. The comments re- ceived supported more sidewalks for Fayetteville and all were pleased at the efforts Fayetteville was taking to provide safer pedestrian facilities in the city.
Check website for news, meeting announcements, and plan updates. Take the survey. Show us where the problems using the interactive map tool
(www.walkingfayetteville.com). Attend the meetings. Spread the word
Fayetteville was awarded a grant by the North Carolina Department of Transportation in 2016 to complete a City-wide Pedestrian Plan that will guide
the planning and implementation of pedestrian improvement projects. The overall goal of a pedestrian plan is to assess current conditions and recommend policies and programs to make walking more desirable. The finished Plan will recognize the crucial role that walking plays in creating an attractive, accessible, safe, and healthy City.
Benefits of Walking A pedestrian-friendly environment directly contributes to health, economic, environmental, and cultural benefits that impact all
of Fayetteville s residents. When more people walk more often, benefits are gained by the individuals and the community where they live. Benefits of active transportation include health and economic benefits as well as reducing the ill effects of traffic congestion, including air pollution and noise. Some benefits of walking include: Increased health benefits relevant to maintaining a healthy weight; Lower household transportation costs; Improved attention for schoolchildren; Sense of community and increased social contacts; Better air quality; Reduced traffic congestion; and Improved performance of public transportation through increased pedestrian access to stops.
Recent studies have been completed regarding economic benefits of improved walkability that go well beyond personal affordability. Benefits include
increases in property values, supporting access to local businesses, economic development of new businesses, and job creation. The Pedestrian and Bicycle Infor- mation Center of the US Department of Transportation reports, The 2012 Benchmarking Report on Bicycling and Walking in the U.S. found that bicycling and walking projects create 11-14 jobs per 1 million spent, compared to just 7 jobs created per 1 million spent on highway projects. Walkable communities general- ly have active streets that promote business exchange while providing a safe and efficient way for citizens to travel by walking. Active streets are generally more attractive to businesses, therefore increasing the opportunity for economic development.
Schools and students also benefit from a more walkable community. Improved infrastructure and pro- grams can improve the walking environment for
students. Increased numbers of students walking can re- duce the transportation costs for buses, while improving their average test scores and reducing the amount of time teachers spend managing student behavior. Several schools in the city have a high amount of students that walk each day. Improved conditions in school areas would reduce transportation dollars for the area school system as fewer bus routes (and buses and drivers) would be needed.
Plan Importance The pedestrian plan is important because it creates a direction for positive change in people s lives by designing better walking
environments throughout the city. More walking means access to jobs, schools, and health care; more walking also means lessening the need for health care by creating healthy, outdoor options for every person. The plan will outline projects, programs, and policies to ensure that businesses, citizens, and visitors realize the health, mobility, safety, and economic benefits of walking in Fayetteville.
The future for Fayetteville is bright, with a new resident entering the City in 2019. The Houston Astros Minor League Baseball team will move into
its new constructed stadium in the downtown area. This new attrac- tion is sure to bring lots of visitors to an already established and well visited destination City. The stadium joins local attractions as the Airborne and Special Operations Museum, historical downtown Markethouse, Cape Fear Botanical Gardens, Cape Fear Regional Theatre, local restaurants and many unique shops.
Currently there are 1,202 centerline miles of roads and 283 miles of sidewalk in the City (roughly 1:5 ratio). A tour of the city reveals many
intersections are currently signalized but lack pe- destrian signals and/or crosswalks, sidewalk gaps are present along corridors, and many high-traffic corridors lack sidewalks altogether. Recently the City has completed several projects to improve pedestrian safety including:
1. New sidewalk on Cliffdale Rd from Glensford Drive to McPherson Church Road, includes pedestrian signals and crosswalks at Cliffdale Rd@ McPherson
Church Rd, 2. New sidewalk on Cain Rd from Bragg Blvd to Pamalee Dr, and 3. New sidewalk on Rosehill Rd from Country Club Dr to Hickory Hill Rd, includes pedestrian signals and crosswalks at Chadwick Rd.
Several projects are programmed for near-term construction These include new sidewalk on Rosehill Rd (from Country Club Rd to Ramsey St), Owen Dr
(from Eastern Blvd to All American Expressway), Skibo Rd (at Louise St from Raeford Rd to Richwood Ct), Helen St (from Country Club Rd to Ramsey St), 71st School Road (from Autumn Care to Raeford Rd), Sycamore Dairy Rd (from Thorngate Dr to 3833 Sycamore Dairy Rd), NC 24 (from Racepath St to Dunn Rd), Santa Fe Drive (Yadkin Rd to AAE bridge, Morganton Rd (Skibo Rd to Glensford Dr), Yadkin Rd (from Skibo Rd to Fort Bragg), Bragg Blvd (The Villagio to NC 295), NC 59 (from City Limits to Sumac Cir), Robeson St (Fairway Drive to Humphrey Lane).
Fayetteville Outer Loop I-2519CB All American Freeway to Cliffdale Road, U-2519CA Cliffdale Road to US 401, U-2519BA/U-2519BB US 401 to Raeford Rd,
U-2519AA/U-2519AB Camden Rd to I-95. Other Areas U-4403 US 401 (Ramsey St) Martin Luther King Jr Freeway to I-295 Widen to Multi-Lanes U-4405 US 401 (Raeford Rd) Hampton Oaks Dr to Fairway Dr Access Management Improvements U-5930 NC 24 (N Bragg Blvd) Manchester Rd Construct Interchange U-6001 NC 59 (South Main St) Shipman Rd to Parkton Rd Widen to Three Lanes U-4444 NC 210 (Murchison Rd) Fayetteville Outer Loop to NC 24 Widen to Six Lanes U-2810 Camden Rd NC59 to Owen Dr Widen to Multi-Lanes U-3422 Camden Rd Fayetteville Outer Loop to NC 59 Widen to Multi-Lanes
U-4709 Rockfish Rd Golfview Rd to NC 59 Widen to Multi Lanes U-6072 Rockfish Rd Strickland Bridge Rd to Golfview Rd Widen to Multi-Lanes U-2809
Legion Rd Owen Dr to Cameron Rd Widen to Multi-Lanes U-4404 Cliffdale Rd McPhearson Church Rd to Morganton Rd Widen to Multi-Lanes U-3424 Bunce Rd Raeford Rd to Cliffdale Rd Widen to Multi-Lanes U-5101 Shaw Rd US 401 to NC 210 Widen Roadway/Construct Part on New Location U-4422 Glensford Rd US 401 to Cliffdale Rd Widen to Four Lane Divided/Construct Part on New Location U-5605 Odell Rd Ft Bragg Boundary to NC 24 Widen to Multi-Lanes U-6073 Fisher Rd Strickland Rd to Bingham Drive Widen to Multi-Lanes
Ft Bragg heavily influences the City s demographics. Over 39,000 considered the military installation home in 2010. These residents travel, shop, and
play throughout the City of Fayetteville, and many do not have a vehicle during their tenure. Alternative modes of travel are important to those that do not have access to a car, and the roadways around Ft Bragg are not accommodating to walkers or bikers. Reilly Rd, All Amer- ican Fwy, Bragg Blvd, and Murchison Rd are a few corridors that are frequented to get on and off Post. These roads are heavily traveled, consist of 5-8 travel lanes, and lack pedestrian facilities. This pattern is repeated across much of the city.
The Fayetteville Area System of Transit (FAST) operates public transportation in Fayetteville. FAST operates 19 routes, including a route to Ft
Bragg, and is responsible for close to 600 bus stops. Many people rely on the bus as a primary source of transportation. Bus riders should feel comfortable approaching and waiting at a bus stop. Many stops in Fayetteville include shelters and seats but many are just a sign. Many stops are located along busy roads with no available sidewalk to wait on. Bus riders should feel comfortable ap- proaching and waiting at a bus stop. Sidewalks, lighting and shade are a few things that provide comfort for transit users and contributes to an increase in ridership as well.
Fayetteville is home to over 43 elementary, mid- dle and high schools. Many of the schools are lo- cated on large, multi-lane, pedestrian-unfriendly
roads. Sidewalks are lacking in many areas including the vicinity of 71st High School. Worn paths are ev- i- dent along 71st School Road from the school to the large neighborhoods to the north. This area, along with many others, would benefit from improved walking conditions for children, parents, and teachers.
Continuing eduction students make up a large portion of the walkers in Fayetteville. Methodist College, Fayetteville State University, and
Fayetteville Technical College are located in the city and have a com- bined enrollment of more than 21,000 students. College students are known for lacking easy access to a car and walking long distances to school and between classes. Walking can be challenging, especially when the trip is delayed due to high traffic volumes and lack of crossing facilities. These delays can impact timely arrivals to classes and meetings, but also foster a mentality that favors taking greater risks. School materials including electronic devices and books are a necessity, but can also be very heavy. Delays and longer trips can impact a student s health and well-being carrying the extra weight. It is important to under- stand the route demand around schools and properly plan for those areas to reduce the stress on students.